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Indemnity Bond: Definition, Example and Related Terms

What is a Indemnity Bond ?

An Indemnity Bond is a promise to pay for any loss that one person might cause to another. It's like a safety net in business deals. Imagine, you and your friend are working on a project. You both agree that if one of you makes a mistake that costs money, the one who made the mistake will pay for it. That's what an Indemnity Bond does. It's a legal document that says, 'Hey, if I mess up and it costs you money, I promise I'll pay for it.' In business terms, it's a way to protect against financial loss. It's often used in contracts, where one party agrees to take responsibility if there's a financial loss due to their actions or mistakes. This way, the other party knows they won't lose money if something goes wrong.

These can be common in Construction and Contracting to protect against a contractor's failure complete a project. Other industries they are used are Professional Services, Lease Agreements and Transportation & Logistics.


  • Scenario Description
    Imagine a company, 'Company A', is hiring another company, 'Company B', to build a new website. They sign a contract, and as part of that contract, 'Company B' agrees to an Indemnity Bond. In this case, the Indemnity Bond means that if 'Company B' makes a mistake in building the website, and that mistake costs 'Company A' money, then 'Company B' promises to pay for that loss. It gives 'Company A' some security, knowing they won't be out of pocket if things don't go as planned.
    Consider a business, 'Business X', is contracting a food supplier, 'Supplier Y', for an event. They include an Indemnity Bond in their contract. Here, the Indemnity Bond ensures that if 'Supplier Y' fails to deliver the food as agreed, causing 'Business X' to incur extra costs, 'Supplier Y' will cover those costs. This provides 'Business X' with financial protection against unforeseen circumstances.

Related terms